Yoga Relieves Neck Pain Review of Research Shows
Chronic neck pain and neck pain-related disability are a major public health problem. In light of escalating rates of opiod addiction, more health care providers are prescribing complementary therapies like yoga to patients seeking pain relief. Now, a new systematic review and analysis of the research in Clinical Rehabilitation shows that yoga may be an effective treatment option.
A team of German researchers examined all of the published randomized controlled studies in which adults with chronic neck pain were assigned to either a yoga intervention or a usual care, exercise, or non-pharmacological treatment control group. Yoga sessions included either physical movement, breath exercises, meditation, yogic lifestyle recommendations, or a combination of these skills. At the end of treatment, yoga and control group participants were compared on neck pain intensity or related neck-pain disability, as well as mood and quality of life.
A total of 3 studies including 188, predominantly female (82.4%) adults (mean age 47.5 years) were included in the analysis. On average, yoga interventions were held weekly for 9-weeks. Sessions were provided by either experienced yoga educators, or offered on audiotape.
Yoga Relieves Chronic Neck Pain
Analyses revealed that yoga provides superior results to usual care in the relief of neck pain intensity and neck pain-related disability. What’s more, yoga group participants reported better quality of life, and improved mood compared to controls. Short-term reductions in pain, disability, and negative mood were found for both movement-based, and meditation-based yoga interventions.
There are a number of potential explanations for these results. First, movement-based yoga practices often emphasize relaxation, isometric muscle strengthening, stretching, and exploring range of motion. This may be particularly useful for those whose pain is based on chronic, stress-related muscle contraction, or for whom relaxation may be beneficial. Yoga postures may also contribute to changing dysfunctional movement patterns or altering a habitual, maladaptive posture that contributes to a person’s neck pain or muscle tension.
In addition to movement, meditation-based yoga practices have the potential change person’s relationship to his or her pain. Specifically, meditation techniques focusing on attention and introspection can draw attention to negative judgements or ruminations about pain or its source that contribute to the intensity of a person’s suffering. In recognizing the role of thoughts in shaping experience, practitioners are empowered to question their significance, and transition to more adaptive beliefs.
Although we have much more to learn about the role of yoga in the treatment of chronic neck pain, results of this review are cause for optimism.
Cramer H, Klose P, Brinkhaus B, Michalsen A, Dobos G (2017). Effects of yoga on chronic neck pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Rehabilitation. https://doi.org/10.1177/026921551769873