Senior woman practicing yoga, standing in Warrior ll Pose, Virabhadrasana II, A pose for Bone Health

Yoga for Bone Health: Tone Your Muscles to Strengthen Your Bones

Olga Kabel
Updated: 
January 07, 2023

Muscle wasting is a common feature of osteoporosis, which contributes to the weakening of bones. Bones get stronger in response to muscular pull in all directions. When muscles are stronger and more toned, they pull harder on bones, causing them to become stronger, too. Gravity and resistance are the two main factors that help strengthen both muscles and bones. That is why weight-bearing activities have long been recommended for bone health. 

In addition, it appears that any kind of mechanical leverage and dynamic tension can be beneficial to bone health. Dynamic tension happens any time the muscle is engaged when one muscle group opposes the action of another. Loren Fishman, MD, and Ellen Saltonstall, in their book “Yoga for Osteoporosis: The Complete Guide” write: “Muscular activity stimulates bones to strengthen themselves much more vigorously than weight-bearing alone, and in doing so, can protect the bones from inordinate thinning. This effect seems to operate even in conditions of calcium deficiency.” 

It appears that the duration of the pressure is an important factor. Some studies show that it takes only eight seconds of dynamic loading to initiate physiological processes that prevent the weakening of bone. That is why holding yoga poses for several breaths, especially in standing weight-bearing positions, is beneficial for bone health.

These two yoga practices emphasize muscle strengthening to promote bone health. They are designed for different levels of ability and different stages of bone loss.

Tone Your Muscles to Strengthen Your Bones

 

The stresses applied to bones via muscular contraction during physical activity are essential to maintaining bone strength and mass. In this yoga practice, we emphasize muscle strengthening by holding poses for several breaths. We mainly focus on the muscles that move and support the skeleton areas most vulnerable to loss of bone density: the hips and the spine. 
Research shows that you have to maintain muscular contraction for at least eight seconds to have an effect on bone. So take your time, breathe deep, and focus on maintaining the muscular contraction for as long as possible. This practice is appropriate for people with osteopenia and the early stages of osteoporosis.

Yoga for Bone Health

 

If you have osteoporosis, it is generally recommended to avoid deep forward bends and twists, prolonged weight bearing on your hands, and any yoga poses that require leverage. None of this is included in the practice below. As you begin to move, please be careful with chest-opening poses and pay close attention to general body alignment in postures. It is best to stay close to a wall or keep a chair handy if you need additional support. Please consider your own unique situation and whatever physical limitations or concerns you might have. It is always best to consult your doctor about the applicability of specific practices. You can always show a printed sequence of this practice to your doctor for their assessment. (1)

 

Also, Read Olga Kabel's 11 Tips for Teaching Yoga Students with Osteoporosis

Reprinted with permission from Sequence Wiz.

Olga KabelEducated as a school teacher, Olga Kabel has been teaching yoga for over 14 years. She completed multiple Yoga Teacher Training Programs but discovered the strongest connection to the Krishnamacharya/ T.K.V. Desikachar lineage. She studied with Gary Kraftsow and American Viniyoga Institute (2004-2006) and received her Viniyoga Teacher diploma in July 2006, becoming an AVI-certified Yoga Therapist in April 2011. Olga is the founder and managing director of Sequence Wiz, a web-based yoga sequence builder that assists yoga teachers and yoga therapists in creating and organizing yoga practices. It also features simple, informational articles on how to sequence yoga practices for maximum effectiveness. Olga strongly believes in the healing power of this ancient discipline on every level: physical, psychological, and spiritual. She strives to make yoga practices accessible to students of any age, physical ability, and medical history, specializing in helping her students relieve muscle aches and pains, manage stress and anxiety, and develop mental focus.

 
Resources

1. https://sequencewiz.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/03/Yoga-for-happy-bones.pdf